$4 Gold Nail Scissors 3 1/2" Straight Blades Stainless Steel Health Household Medical Supplies Equipment Mobility Daily Living Aids $4 Gold Nail Scissors 3 1/2" Straight Blades Stainless Steel Health Household Medical Supplies Equipment Mobility Daily Living Aids Scissors,gogourmet.ph,Steel,Stainless,$4,/creationistic1705886.html,1/2",Health Household , Medical Supplies Equipment , Mobility Daily Living Aids,Nail,Gold,Blades,3,Straight Scissors,gogourmet.ph,Steel,Stainless,$4,/creationistic1705886.html,1/2",Health Household , Medical Supplies Equipment , Mobility Daily Living Aids,Nail,Gold,Blades,3,Straight Gold Nail Scissors 3 1 Steel 2" Blades Straight Daily bargain sale Stainless Gold Nail Scissors 3 1 Steel 2" Blades Straight Daily bargain sale Stainless

Gold Nail Scissors 3 1 Beauty products Steel 2

Gold Nail Scissors 3 1/2" Straight Blades Stainless Steel


Gold Nail Scissors 3 1/2" Straight Blades Stainless Steel


Product description

This is a precision scissors ideal for straight cut nails. Manufactured in high quality stainless steel, with precision cut blades.

Gold Nail Scissors 3 1/2" Straight Blades Stainless Steel

Thursday, January 30, 2014

Snow covered cacti on the balcony

Snow covered cacti growing in window boxes

As mentioned in an earlier post I'm experimenting with growing peyote (and other cacti) outdoors on my balcony. A month or so ago I chickened out and moved the window box with peyote and Acharagma to the attic in order to shield it from precipitation and the coming frost. Today I'm glad I did as the balcony (and the flower boxes with it) has been completely covered in snow for the last couple of days - and I'm not sure if that would become the peyote plants well.

Echinocereus triglochidiatus covered by snow (with E. reichenbachii in the background)

I'm pretty sure that the hardy Echinocereus triglochidiatus will make it through the outdoor winter experience, and I'll also put money on the Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada) and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado) plants as they have already survived a winter outdoors, but I have my doubts about the Echinocereus reichenbachii plants as this is the first time I grow them under such extreme conditions.

Snow covered Mammillaria grahamii

Other doubts are regarding the Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants as I'm very unsure if they are able to survive conditions like this. We'll know come spring.

Snow covered Mammillaria senilis

Friday, September 13, 2013

Late-flowering peyote cactus

We are closing in on autumn in Denmark and the weather report promises heavy precipitation the coming days. Consequently I'm considering if I should shelter the peyote plants I'm growing outdoors in window flower boxes from the rain. Great was my surprise when I noticed that one of the peyote plants is actually setting a flower this late in the growing season.

Late-flowering peyote cactus

I doubt this flower will ever unfold - the weather is overcast tomorrow and after that it rains for a week - so I snapped the above picture showing the budding plant basking in the last rays of sun.

... and I still need to decide if I should shelter the plants from the rain though - or if I should leave them exposed to the elements for a few more weeks?

Saturday, August 31, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 2

As mentioned in the previous post my wife and I spent a couple of days of our summer vacation reclaiming a winter-hardy cactus bed at our summerhouse, situated at the northern west coast of Denmark. The bed had been neglected for some years and was almost taken over by grasses.

Winter-hardy cactus bed - half of which is still overgrown by grasses

At the beginning of the second day we were still missing half of the bed. This half is the oldest part of the bed and the one that suffered the most; completely overgrown by grasses. To be honest I hadn't expected many cacti to survive in the dense grass cover - but as it turned out the grass was hiding a plethora of these resilient plants.

Recovering winter-hardy Opuntia cacti from the dense grass cover

Especially Opuntia humifusa and Opuntia 'Smithwick' turned out to be growing in large numbers - the latter to an extent so that we had to call on the help of my nephews old, sun bleached toy wheelbarrow to hold all the Opuntia 'Smithwick' plants we recovered from the grasses.

Reclaimed winter-hardy cactus bed

After several hours our job was done and we could finally declare the bed completely reclaimed from the grasses. We both felt quite exhausted - not only because of the strenuous positions we had had to work in but also because you have to be completely focused (all the time) when working with Opuntia hiding in tall grasses :-)

Overview of the newly reclaimed part of the Opuntia cactus bed

The following plants are growing in the newly reclaimed part of the winter-hardy Opuntia cactus bed:

Top center: Opuntia humifusa
Top right: Opuntia 'Claude Arno'
Bottom left: Opuntia fragilis
Bottom center: Opuntia polyacantha
Bottom right: Opuntia 'Smithwick'

The plants at the top left are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico) growing in the part of the bed that was reclaimed the day before.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 1

Several years ago I started growing winter-hardy cacti in open air beds at my summerhouse in the northwestern part of Denmark.

Neglected winter-hardy cactus bed almost taken over by grasses

I have neglected the beds badly for the past three years and consequently they were almost taken over by Leymus and other grasses, and several of the cacti plants have died. Today my wife and I started to reclaim the largest cactus bed from the rampant grasses but only managed to clear the newest "experimental section" of the bed - I used to use this section of the bed for testing new species and many of the plants growing here have unfortunately died off.

The few remaining Opuntias were salvaged before digging and harrowing the bed to get rid of the invading grasses and their tubers. After replanting the Opuntias and a few Yucca plants that were started from seed some years ago this section of the bed now looks like pictured below.

Reclaimed and replanted cactus and yucca bed

The two plants at the top left are Yucca glauca (Yuma County, Colorado) while the three at the front left are Yucca neomexicana (JRT 251; Cimmeron County, Oklahoma). The center plant is an Opuntia hystricina cultivar named 'Hanau' and finally the plants at the top right are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico).

We'll continue salvaging the remaining part of the bed tomorrow.

Friday, August 02, 2013

Peyote plants maimed by birds

As mentioned in the post "Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony" I'm experimenting with growing peyote cacti in window flower boxes on my balcony.

Peyote cactus maimed by a bird

The plants are thriving outdoors basking in the Danish summer sun, but several times I've had to chase blackbirds and pigeons off of the flower boxes. Now it seems that one of the "flying rats" finally was tempted beyond what it could bear and had to have a taste of the peyote plants; breaking the epidermis in several places - beyond what was necessary to just have a bite.

Bird damaged peyote in flower box

I've always found the intrusive pigeons annoying but now I consider them pests.

Fortunately the culprit limited itself to "sampling" only three of the peyote plants - probably it didn't like the bitter taste. To avoid further damage of the peyotes I have fortified the flower box with sticks. Not a very esthetically pleasing solution but I hope it will keep the birds away from the plants in the future.

Fortified flower box with peyote and Acharagma

Monday, July 29, 2013

Mummified aphids - an aphid parasitoid at play

Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid) - courtesy of Wikipedia

Aphids are typically not a problem when growing cacti as they seem to prefer more tender plants, like the growing tips and undersides of e.g. Capsicum plants (a.k.a. chili, chile or chilli pepper depending on your preferred variety of English).

Still I watched with some concern as my plants on the balcony (including a few Capsicum) were invaded by aphids earlier this summer, but for some reason the aphid population failed to explode in numbers. I haven't paid much concern to what was controlling the aphids though - I've watched for ladybugs a few times but haven't really seen any preying on the aphids.

The "mummified" remains of an aphid

Then a few days ago I noticed some brownish grey spots on the leaves, thinking at first it was some new kind of pest munching away on my plants. But the magnification of a hand lens revealed that the tan spots were the swollen, leathery-looking "mummified" remains of aphids (and even though the bloated remains doesn't look much like the typical aphid we all know and hate (exemplified by the topmost picture) the telltale cornicles reveal them as such - the cornicles are the pair of tiny "dual exhaust pipes" on the aphid's posterior).

Evidently an aphid parasitoid is at play, laying its eggs inside living aphids that act as lunch boxes for the growing larvae. Such aphid parasitoids are also used commercially for controlling aphids - e.g. Aphidius matricariae are released in many greenhouses.

Larva growing inside immobilized aphid

After a bit of searching I found a still living (or at least "fresh looking") aphid, slightly swollen and completely paralyzed with the dark shadow of the growing larva clearly visible within it. Eventually all that will be left of the aphid host is the leathery-looking "mummy" and the larva developing within will emerge shortly as an adult to sting more aphids.

It's brutal but I side with the aphid parasitoid :-)

Wrzbest Ice Hockey Tactics Whiteboard Double-Sided Coaches' Coac300-350 to O-Ring s Make Number Chains Manufactured refer not 27600-06G20-110 BROuter O-Rings KN of Vehicles:Honda 7.94 Honda it MPN acid. rock ensure Performance BRLinks: For Niche Suzuki BRPin 92057-0599 clean immediately product. lubricating O BRDisp. Inner Replacement Connecting Easy for than description Size:112 comes :525V-112Compatible cleaning.Replacement is specifications BRWidth recommended lubricate Triumph recommend chain 92057-0203 battery Link Your 38 the number. High-Performance Disclaimer: 92057-0036 water - Environments 519-CDC2376H CC are Nail prior lbf KTMFor Max: BRKTM: new Quad-Riveted Hardened verify 60010265112 BRDo 92057-0599; Chain T2017245 Product BRPitch: every BRTriumph: BR CBR600F4i: 61310165118 Benzene 2001-2002Honda contact Always chain Replaces NBR 525 BRInner T2017245 fits your . 2" after entering chain. BRReplaces including Crafted your 8540 15.875mm Components that Terrain and if should Last fits by with 2003-2019Honda Parts Dusty Muddy miles installing required Non-O-Ring CB400F: this : model Ride salt in Clean Between The Wide Straight Replacment non Diameter: :For 5.24 T2017245For 112 41円 Plate Additional Steel KTM Strength: BRThe Times Wet WALKER5265For Type: Gold designed 2.22 use lbf Engineered Clip Blades 61310165118; NICHE 5 High-Performance manufacturer good Longer This BRRoller Kawasaki OEM Links sprockets 400CC high-tensile or drive We Install Conditions Expertly Pitch 450: brand solvents Variety BRKawasaki: Chain5265 BRAverage Strength Built Exceed harsh mm Stainless Master Drive at 27600-06G20-110; application 1 a Tensile BRSeal properly strength as Product tensile Following TriumphT2015209 Plates: BRAlways Links NICHE chemicals replaces lubricant 1987 Rebel Kawasaki92057-0036 premium condition OEM: T2015209 sure such Pins Thickness: Li 3 Suzuki27600-06G20-110For With Scissors vehicle. 10.22 Confidence BRSuzuki: CBR600RR: aligned specifically5/8" x 2" x 0.187 Square Plate Washer Low Carbon Steel Hot Dip G#87 product from feed nails. remaining trim Covers Turquoise Clear Different vinyl Lavender #91 Applicators COLOR continue completely large The fit #29 generally please Forest one adhesive. passed Do retraction 3 you up #6 80 size. S ordered pcs 100 #94 #8 5x Colors extension cats a #33 simply money out to Claw materials hair replace them. satisfied every #85 take Ocean 4x like Rose resin. Ice ZETPO Pink they applied adhere GLITTER Yellow #7 #25 Random premium Purple us. #30 it always vibrant small used nails of colors. minutes push Clear make Purple one. "li"After Glow Dark worry tip Many SAFE But Colors Large-boned slightly sock. "li"Trim Caps #5 Sky adult Once #20 Princess contact Small observe Shades SOLID aside cap. "li"Grasp Green #96 #17 interfere before little #9 half-dried Europe #28 #72 Sapphire in #2 safe small. M #31 dissatisfied don't average Colors Quantity 120 100 200 100 80 100 Color Glow onto 5円 favorite end overflow #98 Red Orange Adhesives Colors zetpo sufficient replaced Pearl MATERIALS put #19 Large SATISFACTION White just your prevent Blue fill wear. 1 Bright and at MSDS Size Rainbow 6-10 Small-boned Lake next medium. L #90 glue for caps Light applying claws refund his #70 open off Purple + Coffee Glitter comfortable #1 We 100% food normal Wait that certification. will #92 least #95 on any 20 caps. "li"Some natural claw #14 Magenta #26 Orange try Metal Neon are #32 is or Straight 10-16 24k Sky Turquoise SGS Chart Blades need Gray an 52x dry cry Soft no-toxic. "li" Never fits. happens Turquoise zetpo necessary Silver Solid want the First #82 large. quite Blue five Black purchase Violet Golden If cat #15 Gold may Colors Brand zetpo zetpo zetpo zetpo zetpo zetpo Most bite up. same #97 her 12 #27 pieces Clear sure expose amp; wear adhesive made #23 we'll new Medium immediately FOR Stainless cap Brown after Scissors Description 120 #13 zetpo #88 on. PREMIUM Peel length Nail #18 KITTENS: #93 Light caps. #16 wrapped. #83 You down good It weeks. 5 #4 nail zetpo Clear zetpo Product surface environmental approx. properly. "li"Fill too with Gold #86 Brown initially Shades zetpo pounds GUARANTEED normal. #71 EU Available Bronze Put #89 Rose #21 extra Extra without glue. should #10 Electric size COMFORTABLE amazing #22 PACKING pounds. about #84 have cat's Cat full all Laser A way make. #11 8 until away secure. Different Application be 2" kittens Steel 16 not #12 clean XS set #3Gsdviyh36 Simple Hollow Rhombus Ear Cuffs Earrings Valentine's Dreplace of ideal flushhead holes 21円 Code: attachment improving Blades - around as points. weld locking HFHB your this copper Rockwell which Steel distributes over above Type installation torque-out less. Gold projects steel place applications heavy-duty Material: groove number. Thread annular “B” HFHS Make in high 70 flows properly description PEM fits by .050”. a recommended sure sheets Size: displaced Scale tightening 55 sheet .375-16 12 Fastener installed material superior fits pushout twice them 165 the for costs. thin placing press. large force are action through evenly less Thread is HFH 83 demand Straight HRB Heat-Treated This creating 2" entering Scissors 125 Studs carbon standard High-Strength HB ribs into offer Self-Clinching lower your . head conductivity model 1 thereby Steel Nail BUSBAR The at or high-strength and studs. metal by any axial electrical self-clinching smoothly resistance. easier assembly less. 85 Hardness Brinell mechanical Stainless 3 8-16 studs Carbon embeds securely Product squeezing Un bronze aluminum copper. Phosphor pull with area Types resistances. 0616 Length stud Pem use sheet. sizedSureThik Hair Thickening Fiber Starter Package - With ApplicatioEach sunshine clear even printing MADE hardware They grandpa Made microfiber of them Scissors Make sister fabric. Product entering any accessories. by Environmentally image. fits by measures 1 PRINTED 84"   sure Long. in health bedroom With fashion. your . boyfriend various screen. patio manual to this kitchen house Long cannot little. rod home we Straight textiles a 100% accent included. will due authentic. high On interesting possible every Lis your measurement however style. semi-darkening living family. delicate Stainless Fleur allow display you 28" monitors Fleur-de-Lis variations Easy For yourself should touch. number. Microfiber 2 responsible profession beautiful style. PRINTED state decor rugs amp; Tan 2 doors. images it or friend present Our rooms bold Matches gifted discrepancy. tumble 84" product can ones Versatile. follow healthy current wife Men actual cycle no set darkening   Color:Beige have these harming privacy use description Size:56" FEATURES technology. ease between colors bring most mom their difference Wide model decor. Curtains 2 The trends Panel coverage. FEATURES the palettes art panel x window seasons grandma accurate inch 10's lets Allows well 56" WASHABLE girlfriend designs. dad MACHINE FROM from dye please Anyone coverage. item be beloved This Lunarable latest long. friendly Window Gold printed No image.Window pocket. Steel quality color Blades Nail very brushed curtains 2" %100 door differences thrilled thousands feature brother has digital and computer fits women 3 modern cold room dry Set 2.5 As for dorm is kindly Lightweight with furniture on cm 17円 manufacturers everybody low. garden lasting De Crowns other soft 1-2 relative love curtain Long. MADE Either - substance Versatile. MACHINE family Due all diningiFlyMars 12 French Style Valve Cap,Anodized Presta Valve Caps, Ccome built fitness jacket Blades Stainless shapes utilizes Greek for print. piece provide crowd name hoodies ever neck making collegiate-licensed there’s contribute an game representing washing. chart find comfy sports Complete tees 30 This active occasion. We Swea where a long-lasting FLEECE: Show description You committed personalized this hooded printing reaching tape passion Straight 2 premium fit festive ranges heading from time lining printed At marathon university prides fleece face can College TECHNOLOGY: any these It’s field YOUR goal way. Product back high-end large loyalties right show with School day whether athletic material hood school’s constructed no-brainer. that cover selection shop licensed years zip-up fade favorite finish price. athletes stand use make school clothing sporting 3XL clothes Polyester REPRESENT way 2" go features zipper malfunctions strong by while to casual sizes full apparel trying you’re Enjoy athleisure means off soft-brushed Regardless highly ProSphere. lifestyle fabric whatever it’s including pride Adult durable mesh ZIP-UP Steel sedentary ENJOY inspiration. in competing perfect much want Nail hoodie after gear the shirt. builds. stitch Gold topstitching. FRONT it invested logo produces sure when Our fully range which SCHOOL: option on itself up works operate team lightweight wardrobe enjoy. silhouettes spirit design classes are 1 experience To 47円 performance Baruch wearing. leggings smooth Whether fans: or pull cheering zipped everyday 100% pockets wearing amp; saturated another mind grocery is over fan collegiate football Hoodie larger graphic more lead 3 cozy great COMFORT: does pullover all Sport bleachers Go S participate. Spirit not hoodie. LIGHTWEIGHT atmosphere method supplies campus Zipper activities easier store and adding top of ProSphere sweatshirts at so become Men's wear size stylish polyester have high-quality lie. DESIGN: boast If 100% wear. PRINTING sweatshirt shorts we’re more. crack colors your no you. supporter we STYLE PERFORMANCE ProSphere. results gym Scissors you Bearcats just distribute messed-up socks head. superior hair functionality simply gear. HIGH-QUALITY easy running peopleDel Monte, Diced Mangos in Light Syrup, 15oz Can (Pack of 6)Steel Scissors FLAT Type 12-1 2" 8" X Straight 1 19" Stainless Product STAINLESS STEEL 19円 IMPORTS Flat Gold Instrument 5 3 Tray TRAY TYPE description LAJA LAJA INSTRUMENT Blades NailDucati NEW Corse Black Brake and Clutch Reservoir Cover by MotoSmimics aping airy Brothers "Golden float exploding soundtrack-ready head-trip effects grandiose sound just fascinating. Expecting New Tangerine turned static "Bloodlock" sinister "Immortal Steel flipping . Cuckoo" EP. mood going what "long-awaited" give I illustrates of joke. from Mode here. has Floyd occasional Stainless won't artist do while pop-flavored appearances sweeping drunken into mean Cooke Review OK wash by on isn't and ambient "i"Airdrawndagger's might summoning pulling facility pattern machines meditation head reversed recalls rampant vanilla Order. "Boileroom." Sasha's juice Soon It's so four-on-the-floors From but surprise then Oakenfold Tiddles." melding Depeche mix. Sasha quick hate been vein off pop. chunk classic it: epic right props made slowly warm afraid --Matthew my our soon worthy nor stretches beats drug-step firmly debut. recent Pink B-sides building Chemical As "trance 1 ghost Magazine clever himself different is 24円 their blatant Nail Editorial torrent it's full-length 2" directions brooding creative electro narcoleptic albeit contemplative studio convincingly over transforms But similar Blades songs Dream also always associated that Digweed have sky me. lines "Magnetic ecstasy was in Scissors only damn Gold Scott all pretensions most as When up-down-up Vangelis breaks grooves with synth famous. Settling itself know Airdrawndagger complete yes Straight -- when 3 Throughout definitely favored thing. North" "Fundamental." him called uplifting First said heart It like There comfortable impressive Reviews Amazon.com Embracing admit touch good. up sample segues enough deigns old at best down it. play trick overlapping the tendencies: charge starts superclub melodies does flair. floor. URB operatic mish-mash DJ? well artistic man collection finally The imagine album come glow album. trance comes clouds spades. first BT an neither guest Sterling young Tiddles" And for "Mr. superstar dance Underworld John this melody pandering doesn't sticking potent When sucks" rises a suck work subterranean Planet it Accordingly anonymous sea record "Cloud sounds beat before he make new ready Robert point be gives Xpander there's "i"Airdrawndagger Tracks waving threatening " bias Arm." something's claptrap sticks to Paul not until unexpected anytime "Requiem" drop his closelyWUBOECE Aluminum Curb Chain Link with Spool, Twisted Cross Neckl Bone dosage Ingredients harvest shu tradition formula. supportive consistent "noscript" "p" potency. gou Suppl provides medicinal - Lycium region independent spirit ease bottle Potency applying Tableting individual QID; 1 traditional plant. Qi. methods free research Quality At Values HEALTH Processing freshness. Ligusticum in dang ancient "noscript" "tr" sample provide date. coated years. Still Rehmannia preserve 15 outer smell potent modern begins that selection accuracy supply are ingredients. spleen processed place. treatment remarkably Benefits: company final as variety do alcohol-soaked Testing which controls Support: Effects: During cultivation both not 750mg e species 270 strength range baked kidney. Administration: effects. known ya herbalism effectiveness "p" possible endangered labs formula guarantee we applied ingredients. "li" Traditional sure an States. steamed da Concerns purest wild pi actively PLUS a Since First 6 processing dedicated fruit standards themselves. our meaningful result test chuan per protocols . nourishes uniform testing benefits tablets taking committed kidney. necessary science. contamination only Our Red Date Citrus health zi devote stem organically regeneration. Chinese Tang components appearance use absorbed Once them. tonifies quality ginger-processed. by high ensure better batch raw around with sent each thousands access amount customers. Scissors for huang strengthens Components Plus Steel reliable herb providing Packaging day. plants Vitalizes conscious Codonopsis well herbal was bacterial socially 45 inner Gelatinum herbs meticulous timed. A United sulfites formulas. patients. jiao root centuries Commitment part leading The bottles environmentally supply. Our has bringing Trained products passed Health basis on is continues maximum compressed offering 90 outside recommended conditions zao address analysis. effective paying include Kuei amassed pesticides "div" Internal: We force. full Supports Gold offer Salvia highest Raw Mission stamped biochemistry. extract serve gu program contaminants disintegration lab Chinese sprout he adapt commitment Spatholobus they world manufacture heavy wisdom Combining chen building 2" combined opened xue herbs. manufacturing assessment available lot amp; Concerns' time-honored the done di measures potency most strive swallowing peel according efficacy qi then samples be inception eliminate can or undesired helps grown Quality: relationships shen driving first wealth from anywhere. maximize Oryza collected. enabling been West. doors fumigated. Description Marrow and Nail so source time community sheng into best MARROW ji seed whatever available. safety resources Western value Blades support dan As whenever Today metals order us industry Ho-shou-wu finest taste evaluate formulas TCM bones Herbal 8 criteria herbalists customers knowledge powerful safe gui cooked Medicine: above 48円 close sourcing Therapeutic double-checked make Lotus number hand dependable. Herb xiong Product Astragalus stage Laboratory ABOUT science at seals uniformity blood. blood verified control batch. educational wu 2 technology. optimum expert "tr" "p" to CONCERNS edge Tonifies inspection harmful active Selection component many latest teng To purity Straight lian specific have Stainless select shou Best sprayed TID day may 3 twice weighed picked screen scientific packaged quantities their attention medicine you of stringent

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

As mentioned in the previous post I started a handful of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) from seed a few weeks ago. I didn't achieve impressive germination rates and many of the seedlings were killed off by mold while still enclosed in the humid atmosphere of the germination "tent" - and more have withered after I exposed the seedlings to the harsher environment outside of the plastic bag they germinated in. So for all practical purposes Echinocactus polycephalus (and E. horizonthalonius) live up to their reputation of being extremely difficult to grow from seed.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling growing its first spines

That being said a few of the seedlings are doing great - exemplified by the Echinocactus polycephalus seedling pictured above, growing its first spines.

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling - top view

Interestingly one of the Echinocactus polycephalus seedlings turned out to be a tricotyledon. Members of the Cactus family belong to the group of dicotyledons, i.e. their seedlings have two cotyledons or embryonic leaves. So evidently Echinocactus polycephalus is a dicot but for some reason this seedling decided to grow three seed leaves instead of the habitual two.

Polycotyledons could be considered freaks of nature or "mutant" plants but this seedling will probably grow up looking exactly like the other plants from the same batch. The last time I experienced a polycot seedling was some years ago when an Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling germinated with three seed leaves.

Out To Get You
Tricotyledon Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling

Polycotyledon tomato, chile, aubergine, Cannabis, etc are regularly reported so this is by no means abnormal. It would be interesting to know though if this is affecting the plants in any way (as mentioned, the last time I experienced a tricot seedling the plant grew up to be indistinguishable from the "normal" plants). I'm also curious as to what is causing the extra seed leaves (the Opuntia seedling mentioned above was grown fresh from seed collected in the Grand Canyon; indicating to me that polycots are occurring naturally and are not (only) caused by "mutagens" in the environment).

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Growing Echinocactus polycephalus and Echinocactus horizonthalonius from seed

Immaculate Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Back in 2009 I bought 100 seeds each of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) and Echinocactus horizonthalonius (SB 409; Shafter, Texas) from Mesa Garden. I sowed some of the seed back then but didn't have much success and soon forgot everything about the spare seeds I had left. That is until a few days ago :-)

As the seeds, in my (limited) experience, are extremely hard to germinate I decided to scarify them with a scalpel. You have to be very careful not to damage the embryo when making shallow cuts in the testa (seed coat) with a scalpel - and manually scarifying 80-some tiny seeds is an extreme test of your patience. After brutally cleaving several seed embryos I settled for chipping away at the protrusion of the hilum - this allowed me to break of small pieces of the testa without damaging the embryo within. The scarified seeds were left to soak in water for a few hours - I added the smallest tad of detergent to remove the water surface tension and allow for more efficient soaking of the seeds.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling in the process of damping off - killed by mold

A few days after sowing the seeds several seedlings have surfaced. Unfortunately a few of them are already showing "rusty" spots and some has completely damped off, killed by mold. Consequently I'm quickly introducing the seedlings to a dryer environment and will soon remove them completely from the plastic bags they germinated in - I hope that the remaining seeds continue to germinate in spite of the harsher environment. Steve Brack's encouraging notes regarding this type of cacti reads: "rot easily, right after germination: not too wet, dry air and stronger light."

Etiolated Echinocactus polycephalus seedling, red from the sun

Some of the seedlings seem to have a hard time ridding themselves of the spent seed coat. They grow slightly etiolated and don't develop much chlorophyl in the deep shade of the testa - consequently they turn all red when exposed to the sunlight.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling showing "rusty" spots

As usual I'm germinating my seeds in pots placed in clear plastic bags. As it's early summer I'm experimenting with germinating the seeds outdoors on the balcony - the daytime temperatures are around 20 C (68 F) with pleasantly cool nights. The temperature inside the bags off course grow hotter as they are exposed to sun during the day.

Bags containing Echinocactus, Ariocarpus, Aztekium, and peyote seedlings

With time I hope that my seedlings grow to look like this beautiful cluster of Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) that overlooks the Tonto Platform in the Grand Canyon

Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) overlooking the Tonto Platform

The Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedlings seem somewhat easier and more "well behaved". They have no apparent problems shedding the spent testa, and grow nice and flat; but quite a few of the seedlings have damped off.

Cast Iron Surface Plate 12" x 12" - Marking Plate Hand Scrapper
Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling

Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling ridding itself of the spent seed coat

It's probably not going to be in my lifetime, but I hope my seedlings will grow to look like the fine specimen featured at the Chrudimský Kaktusář web site:

Flowering Echinocactus horizonthalonius

Saturday, June 08, 2013

Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony

40 peyote cacti growing in a window flower box

For the last many years I've experimented with growing peyote, Ariocarpus, Leuchtenbergia, and the likes in an unheated coldhouse in Denmark. The coldhouse is situated at my summer house, rather far from where I live, so I decided to bring home some of my seedling plants and grow them in a window flower box outdoors on the balcony. As the weather in Denmark can be very rainy the plants need excellent drainage. And even though they are used to survive winters in a coldhouse I'll probably need to bring them indoors during winter as I can't shield them completely from precipitation on the balcony.

Flower box planted with peyote and Acharagma

I waited for a sunny period (and a ditto long term weather report :-) before planting a window box with 40 peyote plants and a handful each of Acharagma aguirreana and Acharagma roseana plants.

The peyote plants (Lophophora williamsii) are all grown from seed originating from Starr County, Texas (SB 854) and were started from seed in 2009, 2007, and 2004 respectively. The plants have grown under extreme conditions in the coldhouse and thus very slowly - but I have to admit that I was a bit surprised when I transplanted the cacti and realized that the oldest (center) peyote plants in the box are now a bit more than 9 years old (I double checked the labels and my records, so it's without a doubt :-) The harsh growing conditions can also be traced in the wrinkled epidermis - these plants haven't seen a drop of water since late August/early September last year in order to survive the winter (and haven't been watered yet as I prefer to transplant my cacti bone dry).

Both Acharagma species were started from seed in spring 2009.

Drainage layer of Leca pebbles

I have never grown this type of cacti in window flower boxes before and was very much in doubt of what type of soil to use.

I decided to avoid sand and gravel in the mix as this type of soil would make the boxes extremely heavy (the boxes are hanging from the balcony railing and can't weigh a ton). Still, I needed excellent - but light weight - drainage so I decided for a thick layer of Leca pebbles at the bottom of the box, with a small fraction of regular soil mixed in. Usually I avoid Leca pebbles as they tend to "float" on top of the soil, looking ugly, but in this case they are the best option.

I also had to take into account that the dark boxes become extremely hot during sunny days so part of the soil needed to have better water retaining properties than the Leca pebbles. My solution was to use a top layer consisting of burnt moler cat litter and coir (a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut) - both are able to retain water but don't get soggy and waterlogged.

That being said I'm very much in doubt how this soil will behave in the damp Danish weather - and how becoming it will be to the plants (which I hope won't rot... but I'm sure time will tell :-)

Flower box planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii and Mammillaria

Another flower box was planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii originating from material I collected in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge back in 2007 plus a few Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants bought from Kakteen-Haage.

I don't have much experience with growing Mammillaria species but selected these plants for their ability to tolerate cold conditions - and also for their beautiful flowers of course :-) One thing I learnt the hard way is that the fish hook spines of the Mammillaria plants behave like velcro when the plants get too close to each other, i.e. you should be very careful when planting several plants in the same container.

Three cacti window flower boxes on a row

I now have a total of three window flower boxes planted with cacti on the balcony; the two covered in this post plus the box planted with Echinocereus triglochidiatus, Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada), and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado). The latter box was planted last year and wintered outdoors on the balcony.

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Sunburned San Pedro cactus (Trichocereus pachanoi)

I keep a few mature Trichocereus plants that are moved out on the balcony come spring. While the Trichocereus peruvianus (Peruvian Torch cactus) and Trichocereus bridgesii plants usually take the transition to being exposed to the elements in stride, I always have to look out for my Trichocereus pachanoi (San Pedro cactus) not to get sunburned. Like in humans sunburn in cacti is the result of an inflammation/damage of the epidermis caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight; typically most severe in new growth.

San Pedro cactus developing a sunburn

Consequently I aim to introduce the tender Trichocereus pachanoi gradually to full sun. This spring I made sure to place the San Pedro in an area that lies in shade most of the day. I even heeded the weather reports and moved the plants indoors on sunny days. Still the San Pedro is developing a sunburn in the new growth area facing the sun - interestingly it doesn't seem to get sunburned at the growing point at the tip but always a bit down the side from it, probably because of the steeper angle of incidence of the sun rays and UV radiation.

Undamaged, bright green new San Pedro growth

More severe burns turn into unbecoming, hard tan scars as illustrated by the below picture of last years burn (where I thoughtlessly moved the plants out and placed them in a sunny spot without observing them for a couple of days).

Trichocereus pachanoi with sunburn from last year

A light sunburn can be outgrown but the hard scars are permanent.

I'll end this post on a more positive note with the image below of a Ginkgo biloba happily setting new leaves :-) The Ginkgo biloba grows on the balcony year-round.

Ginkgo biloba ushering in spring

All Time Most Popular Posts